Water and Sanitation Programme
for IDPs in Manic farm


water_sanition_rr10 unicef_logoimho





1.1 General information


A general over view is given below which may show the situation of IDPs at the time of this programme planned.

Sri Lanka ’s war on terror has reached a decisive phase. It is characterized primarily by the displacement of civilians in the Wanni to Vavuniya and other boarder districts of wanni. Vavuniya hosts close on 261372 displaced persons including those who have been conveyed injured by the time of implementation of this programme. Conditions in the welfare camps trying A primary duty to prevent any more preventable deaths, disability and suffering is cast on the GoSL and partners working to meet humanitarian imperatives to lead people in peril to safety and security.

Apart from the loss of lives and property there will be more long term social catastrophes that will add to the tragedy such as the increased number of persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups such as single parented families, infants, children, and young adults left hopeless in these areas. Pregnant mothers affected by the disaster, living in welfare camps. The trauma they under go, lack of proper nutrition and inadequate medical facilities will have a greater possibility for them to end up with a baby with a malnutrition. Other concern would be the illnesses people suffer and diseases spreading in the camp sites which could lead to adverse conditions. All these would add up to make the number of IDPs a phenomenal figure if these issues are not addressed in the in the immediate relief efforts as well as the long-term prevention plans.

The situation would be the same among single parented families, children and young adults who have lost their breadwinners. Therefore the key issues of the more vulnerable groups in the long run, such as the persons with disabilities, women, children and single parented families should also be taken in to account in the immediate relief plans and in long term rebuilding and strengthening plans in order for them to relive their lives with out being neglected in the over all development process. The survivors sustaining would also be in a depressed mental condition due to their situation and the feeling of they have become a burden to the remaining members of their families. They will require support to overcome the distress of the dramatic change in their lives in addition to the medical services.

Due to the this situation in Vavuniya is identified as the location for most amounts of needs. The sudden arrival of thousands of IDPs during this period is created more needs for shelter, toilets food, clean water, sanitation and medical care. Those who are arriving at these camps have nothing but the cloths on their backs and have taken refuge in make shift tarpaulin shelters, which has left them particularly at risk for chickenpox, diarrhea, viral fever, sore eyes and coughs. Without adequate shelter and open defecation is widespread due to the lack of toilet facilities. Health officials have expressed concern at the likelihood of outbreaks of waterborne disease, unless conditions are improved, particularly now with the prevailing weather. In addition many cases of malaria had been reported among the IDPs during last couple of months and authorities remain alert for possible additional disease outbreaks due to over crowd in camps. UN and other humanitarian agencies involved in health services in Vanni have warned on the increased risk of water-borne and respiratory diseases with the poor environmental health conditions.

1.2 Need of toilet and sanitation

There was urgent need to intervene for setting up toilets where IDPs are located at the Manic Farm. Even construction of semi permanent and immediate toilets were done by the organizations, the need of toilets was requested by the coordination bodies as its being damaged by the rain and heavy usage. Present sanitation facilities were also not adequate. Needed toilet materials, hygiene, cleanliness, water, etc were not sufficient. This would lead to a health crisis in the near future.

2. Objectives
The project is basically focused to achieve below objectives with set of goal in implementing following activities in the targeted project locations.

2.1 Overall objective/ aim
 Ensure the sanitation facilities of IDPs in welfare camps

2.2 Specific objectives:
 To setting up toilets along with facilities at the needed locations in IDP camps
 To make sure the sanitation condition at the working locations
 To reduce the communicable deceases at the project locations

3. Method of implementation
Selection of Location
Needed location was given by the coordination body to build the toilets in Manic farm. Needs in the location, no of families and lack of initiation in the particular area was considered to select the location.

Regular implementation strategy 
CHA district office in the district will play key role in implementing activities in close guidance and collaboration with local agencies and authorities. Proposed initiatives implemented with the direct involvement of Relief and Rehabilitation Team (RRT) of CHA in the selected sites and as a combine effort of other organizations and direct beneficiaries where most essential. Construction of toilets had been initiated by Tradsman Ltd. District offices of CHA in particular district facilitate the activities through its wide network. A full time officer in the district deployed attached to district office to coordinate and monitor the implementation well.


  1. Location

Construction of toilets was done at the following locations in Manic Farm Vavuniya

  1. Zone 7
  2. Zone 4
  3. Zone 2
  4. Sumathipuram


  1. Evaluation results 

Toilet units constructed are as follows;click here

  1. Outputs and out come reached

1)      537 single toilet units were constructed

2)      Approximately Over 21480 IDPs are being used the toilets

3)      Less no of communicable deceases were reported by completion of this programme

4)      Hygiene condition comparably improved among the blocks.

5)      Conflict among people caused by lack of facilities was reduced